Periodontics is an area of dentistry that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases that affect the structures that support your teeth.
Gingivitis (gum inflammation) and periodontitis (gum disease) are diseases that occur as a result of plaque buildup and poor oral hygiene.
At the gingivitis stage, your gums become inflamed due to the accumulation of bacteria and plaque. Untreated gingivitis will eventually lead to periodontitis -- a condition in which the inner layer of the bone and gums degenerates to form pockets between teeth that become infected. Poisons and toxins produced by bacteria destroy the tissues and bone that anchor your teeth in place, resulting in significant tooth loss.
We can treat gingivitis and gum disease in a number of ways ...
Scaling and Root Planing
Scaling and root planing are deep-cleaning, non-invasive treatments performed under local anaesthetic. Scaling involves the process of scraping plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line. Planing involves smoothing the rough areas on the tooth root. Such procedures help prevent bacterial infection from occurring.
In cases where a tooth is severely damaged or loosened by gum disease, a patient may require a tooth extraction. The procedure is performed with a local anesthetic.
Recovery will usually take a couple of days, and specific instructions will be provided by your dentist.
Gum disease is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults. While gum disease can progress subtly, there are certain symptoms that can indicate its ongoing development -- such as bleeding gums during and after brushing, inflamed gums, bad breath, and loose or shifting teeth.
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, seek professional dental care immediately. Gum disease and periodontitis can also be diagnosed during regular dental checkups. Please contact us today if you have any questions surrounding periodontic care.